Drought, NON-VULNERABLE SEASON, Rainy Season Project came from an openIDEO contest which brief was "How might we improve maternal health with mobile technologies for low-income countries?"
"Vunerable Season" Concept comes from the merge of two main facts about maternity issues at Burkina Faso:
1. Within the agricultural cycle-main source of income, where environmental conditions limit crops collection, as in the dry season, or plant, as in the rainy season.
2. During this in-between period, women are forced to make efforts unsuitable for their condition, threatening their physical and emotional health.
Causes of Maternal mortality vary and are deeply related to Gender Inequity and decades of poor invest in public health
*Taken from http://www.openideo.com/open/maternal-health/brief.html
First project stage was find sucess stories and ideas locally and abroad implemented solutions (Colombia) to improve maternal health.
INTERNSHIP IN NURSERY:
Ethiopia, Malawi, South Africa, Indonesia, Tanzania, Burkina Faso, Congo.
Exchange Nurses located in rural areas for two years. Whilst, they perform surgical training, to learn about obstetrics and also anaesthesia.
This training can be approved to get a professional degree after two years of study.
MIDWIFERY TRAINING IN NURSERY/SURGICAL ASSISTANT:
Midwiferies improve their knowledge their skills during two-years-internship as certified assistants in rural areas. Following these internships, they are able to take surgery, anaesthesia, radiology and laboratory modules, among others.
MEDICAL ABILITIES TRAINING PROGRAMME:
Developed methos to be used in low-income areas, where educating professional doctors is expensive. This alternative improved care in the service and the quality of life of workers in labour related to the time of delivery.
LOS PISINGOS FOUNDATION:
Is a foster home for pregnant women in physiological, psychological and economic vulnerability. There is provided emotional support and medical supervision to mothers, who in turn must meet a self tasks and responsibilities within the household, for instance: Acomplishing timetables of entry and exit, keeping the house clean.
Teamwork, company of mothers in the same situation and feeling of being part of a community, generate welfare seen in the desire to have many of them to not give their child for adoption.
MUM COMMUNITY GARDENS:
Gardens, created and managed by expectant mothers and "Mentor Mothers" from a community. These gardens enhance the creation of social networks between them and provide also nutritious food.
Proposes periodic camps, where women are registered, examined and given information about pregnancy and birth. If necessary, they are taken to closeby hospitals for specialized diagnosis.
*Taken from: http://www.openideo.com/open/maternal- health/inspiration/mom-to-be-camp/
Current conditions for mothers Research, in Bogotá as in Burkina Faso. These standars were taken as the scope delimit prodcedure for the project.
In Addition of labour role, pair and maternity role are played.
Say they failure to attend preventive controls, the main justification for this behavior is not having time to do it.
"Other reasons exposed are they are careless regarding to health, they see no need in going to maternal controls because they don't feel sick or have no money."
"Perception of having a labour role, positively relates significantly to perceive social support at work.
Feeling stimulated and required, the perosnal skills, enhances having control on labour conditions."
Riesgos de salud en mujeres con múltiples roles, Bogotá, Colombia.
" Burkina Faso exports: cotton, fruits, vegetables or animals. People migrate to the south, seeking job in the coffee or cacao plantations, as traders and drivers."
"In poor countries, economic conditions force women to work until the last date of delivery, risking their life and their children"
" World of Work is a good start to increase measures which aim is to improve health and protection during maternity, despite the grim situation facing many women to be widthdrawn of legal and social protection system, and be exposed to the risk of discrimination and dismissed because of pregnancy or maternity."
Labour Vulnerability present in Burkina Faso women, is seen as a disadvantage towards men, considering gender equity (social and legal protection, gender discrimination).
Less to 2% of the total female population, have a formal job. (Burkina Faso)
During the the vunerable season, large differences, apart from unemployment, force women to seek extra work, hazardous and/or unfit. (Burkina Faso)
Besides having not social protection and being target of discrimination, women are dismissed from their jobs due to pregnancy. (Burkina Faso)
Working off-home does not represent necessarily a conflict for women, negative or possitive effects of working rely on other aspects such as: gratification, propper operation of their skills and social support received. (Colombia)
Due to agriculture cycles at Burkina Faso, exists two non-producting periods in-between the Rainy and Drought Season where women, particularly preganant ones, are the most likely to enter a state of labour vunerabilty, hence emmotional.
Cultural beliefs drive women to be less well considered, because phyisical skillis are believed to be reduced, worse, during pregnancy or upbringing.
For these in-between periods, a programme was designed in order to allow the use of resources available at the time, in different places, with the ultimate goal of establishing an autosustainable community for mothers.
This community brings benefits such as the opportunity to show skills and significant contributions of mothers to the economy. In turn, they will feel identified, supported and understood, being among a group of other mothers in the same situation. As a result, it will bring a better emmotional health to them and their children.
Activities will be designed according to their pregnancy condition (primarily reduction or elimination of physical effort).
Resource Identification, Campaign and Workshops.
Create a source of information that contains candidate mothers to have access to the programme.
Develop selection criteria from: Age, Number of children and Timetables.
Registration system and Agenda to determine when to commence and terminate the programme.
Sorting of both candidates geographic location and resources for the programme.
Baobab Tree: known to african communities as The Tree of Life.
The tree means: shelter, water, and food. Stores water during droughts, vital for rural populations.
Becomes a place to gather for people.
A meeting point for the community which creates work, bringing oppportunites for welfare mothers such as: resecpt, care and feasibilty work.
Create analogies from the Baobab Tree, taking in account its benefits properties.
taking in account illiteracy and devices holding, the radio supported on music and performances, is the best choice to reach all communities.
The campaign phase will last six months where four will be dedicated to the georeferencing and the other two to the incorporation of selected mothers, the program.
Mothers are meant to be seen as a subject of rights, will display relevant and problematic factors why is mandatory to take action.
Link African culture with the international community to create bonds between stakeholders.
Internet, TV, Press.
include big brands and celebrities to help us develop the program and build credibility.
No restriction of time, The community will be constantly informed about events and development project.
Collaboration of: Viviana Abril, Luz Alba Gallo, Juan David Gómez.
Collaboration of: Nimsuc Vargas, Johanna Cubillos, Diana Malagón
Collaboration of: Lucía Salamanca, Marín, Díaz